Текущее время: Февраль 19th, 2018, 3:52 pm




 Страница 1 из 1 [ Сообщений: 5 ] 
Автор Сообщение
 Заголовок сообщения: Saracen clothing
СообщениеДобавлено: Июнь 4th, 2014, 9:58 pm 
Аватара пользователя

Зарегистрирован: Октябрь 14th, 2013, 11:47 pm
Сообщения: 84
Имя: Dmitriy
Интересующие направления: Все по-немногу
Боевая ориентация: Боевой
Боевые предпочтения: Истфех
Изображение
Brussels Royal Museums of Art and History Shalwar. Egypt. 13th–14th century. Materials: silk. Technique: Woven. Dimensions: height 80 cm width 85 cm


Не в сети
 Профиль  
 
 Заголовок сообщения: Re: Saracen clothing
СообщениеДобавлено: Июнь 4th, 2014, 11:15 pm 
Аватара пользователя

Зарегистрирован: Октябрь 14th, 2013, 11:47 pm
Сообщения: 84
Имя: Dmitriy
Интересующие направления: Все по-немногу
Боевая ориентация: Боевой
Боевые предпочтения: Истфех
http://windchild.net/pre-mongol-persian ... y-costume/ Pre-Mongol Persian Costume Or 11th and 12th Century Seljuk Dynasty Costume


Не в сети
 Профиль  
 
 Заголовок сообщения: Re: Saracen clothing
СообщениеДобавлено: Август 15th, 2016, 5:36 am 
Аватара пользователя

Зарегистрирован: Июнь 26th, 2011, 12:12 am
Сообщения: 345
Откуда: Jerusalem
Имя: Geadiy
- отличная реконструкция сельджуков, арабов и византии http://www.levantia.com.au/clothing/turk_man.html
-- Saladin and saracens David Nicolle - http://www.ghazali.org/saladin/maas-171.pdf


Не в сети
 Профиль  
 
 Заголовок сообщения: Re: Saracen clothing
СообщениеДобавлено: Декабрь 28th, 2016, 11:11 pm 
Аватара пользователя

Зарегистрирован: Июнь 26th, 2011, 12:12 am
Сообщения: 345
Откуда: Jerusalem
Имя: Geadiy
Seljuks - http://windchild.net/pre-mongol-persian ... y-costume/ надо перепроверить материал.


Не в сети
 Профиль  
 
 Заголовок сообщения: Re: Saracen clothing
СообщениеДобавлено: Декабрь 28th, 2016, 11:12 pm 
Аватара пользователя

Зарегистрирован: Июнь 26th, 2011, 12:12 am
Сообщения: 345
Откуда: Jerusalem
Имя: Geadiy
Про Тиразы и их примеры . Inscribed textiles were highly valued in the early Islamic period and were produced until the fourteenth century in both caliphal and state-run public factories. They were given as robes of honor to courtiers and ambassadors in the khil‘a ceremony, where they served as a symbol of individuals’ loyalty to the caliphate. Often inscribed with the rulers’ names, as well as with dates and sites of production, these textiles provide a window into the political and religious life of early Islam.

The word tiraz is derived from the Persian word for embroidery and can refer to the textiles themselves, to the bands of inscription that were embroidered onto them, or to the factories in which they were produced. The earliest examples of tiraz, however, were uninscribed and decorated with colorful medallions, animals, or other motifs marking a gradual transition from Sasanian, Coptic, and Byzantine traditions (1974.113.4). Later tiraz with similar attributes demonstrate a revival of these styles in eleventh- and twelfth-century Fatimid Egypt (27.170.67).

The two types of tiraz factories were those of the caliph (khassa, meaning private or exclusive) and those of commercial or state production (‘amma, meaning public). Tiraz produced in private factories were intended for the caliph and his court (29.179.13), while those woven in public factories were made for both the aristocracy and the wider public (32.129.2). Because a range of materials and techniques were used in tiraz from both khassa and ‘amma factories, and because both could be inscribed with the name of the caliph, the institutional affiliation of a particular tiraz textile cannot always be identified from its inscriptions or technical quality alone.

Tiraz vary widely in materials and appearance depending on when, where, and for whom they were produced. Most were made of linen, wool, cotton, or a fabric called mulham that was composed of a silk warp and cotton or other weft (31.19.2; 31.106.27). Most Yemeni tiraz (29.179.9) were resist-dyed in the ikat technique to create a striped lozenge pattern, usually in a palette of greens, browns, and yellows. In Egypt, this technique was sometimes imitated in linen (27.170.28), although most tiraz were left undyed and embroidered with inscriptions in red or black thread. Throughout the Islamic world, tiraz inscriptions were written in kufic or floriated kufic script, and later, in naskh or thuluth. They often include the Bismillah, the name of the caliph, and the date and place of manufacture (29.179.13). In some cases, embroiderers altered the forms of the letters to create a rhythmic pattern in the text, which was valued for aesthetic qualities in addition to its religious and political content (31.106.56a). Inscriptions were sometimes used primarily for decoration (29.179.10), and the text might be illegible or contain errors, indicating that the mere presence of writing was sometimes as important as its content.

Under the Fatimid caliph al-Mu‘izz, the khil‘a ceremony gained importance and the technical quality of tiraz garments came to reflect the wealth and influence of their recipients. In this ceremony, which can be traced to the time of the Prophet Muhammad, the caliph would bestow robes of honor upon deserving subjects. The epigraphic bands on many of these textiles documented new allegiances, confirmed loyalty to the caliph and to God, and marked the recipient with honor. In Fatimid Egypt, silk robes woven with gold tiraz bands were reserved for the vizier and other high-ranking officials, while the general public wore linen. As the political situation shifted and some nobles lost their wealth, they sold their luxurious robes on the open market. None of these fine silk textiles survive, although they are known through textual sources. Other tiraz served as currency or investments and were traded and sold.

Fragments of many linen tiraz have been found in Egyptian tombs, where they were used as shrouds and preserved due to the arid climate. Blessings (baraka) attained through the khil‘a ceremony and subsequent use during prayer imbued these textiles with special qualities that made them especially suited for this funerary purpose. Patches of stains indicate places where the textiles came into contact with decomposing bodies, helping scholars understand burial practices of the time. Tiraz textiles were often wrapped around the head of the deceased with the text covering the eyes, which attests to the religious significance of these inscriptions. The use of burial garments passed along by religious leaders in Islam dates back to Muhammad, who bequeathed his own mantle to be used as a shroud.

Textiles continued to hold high status in later Islamic societies, although the production of tiraz produced in caliphal factories declined around the thirteenth century. Under the Safavids, Mughals, and Ottomans, textiles were highly valued by the court and the elite. Unlike tiraz, however, these objects were primarily valued for the sumptuous materials and intricate designs employed in their production, although some items of clothing also retained their significance as protective objects (2008.245)
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/tira/hd_tira.htm


Не в сети
 Профиль  
 
Показать сообщения за:  Поле сортировки  
 Страница 1 из 1 [ Сообщений: 5 ] 


Кто сейчас на конференции

Сейчас этот форум просматривают: нет зарегистрированных пользователей и гости: 1


Вы не можете начинать темы
Вы не можете отвечать на сообщения
Вы не можете редактировать свои сообщения
Вы не можете удалять свои сообщения
Вы не можете добавлять вложения

Найти:
Перейти:  

cron